The Traffic Management Act 2004 (TMA) is a piece of legislation in the United Kingdom aimed at tackling congestion and improving traffic flow on roads and highways. The act provides local authorities with additional tools and powers to manage traffic more effectively in their jurisdictions.

Some of the key provisions of the Traffic Management Act 2004 include:

  1. Creation of the role of Traffic Manager: Local authorities are required to appoint a Traffic Manager, who is responsible for coordinating traffic management and ensuring the efficient use of road networks.
  2. Network management duty: Local authorities have a legal obligation to secure the expeditious movement of traffic on their road networks. This includes taking steps to prevent or minimise congestion and disruption caused by planned or unplanned events.
  3. Permit schemes: The Act enables local authorities to introduce permit schemes for street works and road works. These schemes help manage and coordinate the timing and duration of works to reduce their impact on traffic.
  4. Civil enforcement: The Act provides for the decriminalisation of certain parking and traffic offences, allowing local authorities to enforce them through civil means, such as issuing Penalty Charge Notices (PCNs).
  5. Moving traffic offences: The Act enables local authorities to enforce moving traffic offences (such as stopping in yellow box junctions or making prohibited turns) using civil penalties.
  6. Strengthening coordination between utilities and highway authorities: The Act aims to improve coordination between utility companies and highway authorities to minimise the impact of roadworks on traffic flow.

By giving local authorities additional powers and tools to manage traffic, the Traffic Management Act 2004 seeks to reduce congestion, improve traffic flow, and enhance road safety in the United Kingdom.